Our services

We offer services mainly in the MRCs of Brome-Missisquoi, Haute-Yamaska, Rouville, Memphremagog, Val-Saint-François, Acton and Maskoutains.

Our firm uses state-of-the-art instruments combined with powerful software to provide our clients with a range of high quality surveying services.

Residential

Our services cover all the surveying needs of any owner wishing to proceed with a sale as well as the construction or expansion of a house or other structure. The establishment of the position of the structure in reference to the property limits, laws and by-laws in effect, done by a professional land surveyor, provides the owner with tranquility of mind.

Commerce and Industry

Since its establishment, Migué & Fournier Arpenteurs-Géomètres Inc. is committed to offering a full range of surveying services to businesses wishing to establish themselves or proceed with structural modifications. In addition, we offer personalized follow-up of subdivision projects, from the layout and the topographic survey to the official implantation. All projects are monitored at the developer, collaborator and municipal levels to ensure the integrity and legality of the projects.

Migué & Fournier Arpenteurs-Géomètres offers construction surveying services and has its RBQ license (#5750-5711-01).

Our construction services include:

  • Layout and geometric integration
  • Volume calculations
  • Site supervision
  • Location of infrastructures

Certificate of location

The certificate of location is a document consisting of a plan and a report, in which the land surveyor expresses his or her opinion on the current situation and condition of a property in relation to the title deeds, the cadastre, and the laws and regulations that may affect it. The certificate of location cannot be used for any other reason other than the one it was destined for.

This document is very often requested by a legal advisor (notary or lawyer), a mortgage lender, a buyer or seller of a property. In general practice, the seller is required to provide an up-to-date certificate of location to the buyer to confirm that the “land” health of the property is in compliance with the various legal entities that may affect it (law, regulation, easement, etc.).

The certificate of location can also be requested by a municipality to complete the file for a construction permit.

Implantation

(project plan and certificate)

The implantation is the operation where the land surveyor places markers on the field, establishing the exact position of a structure or a structure’s detail to be constructed or modified, in relation to the property limits, another structure or any reference line in conformity with the laws and by-laws affecting the property.

A new construction or expansion project can be divided into three successive stages with the following objectives:

  • Verify the feasibility of your project and obtain approval from your municipality: you will need a Site Plan
  • Proceed with the implantation of the projected constructions on your property and certify the operation: we must proceed with the implantation and issue you a Certificate of implantation
  • Verify the conformity of the work once the constructions are erected (at the request of the municipality or the mortgagee): you will need a plan or a certificate of location

Staking

Staking is all surveying operations carried out by the land surveyor for the purpose of indicating his or her opinion, by means of markers (commonly called “monuments”), on the boundaries of an existing or proposed property or of a dismembered interest in such property.

The staking is done only for the benefit of the client or its representative.

The marker placed during the operation is an objet placed in order to indicate an alignment or to mark the extremities of a segment, arc or curve forming the perimeter of a piece of land. It must :

a) Be metalic

b) Be of square or circular cross-section

c) Be non empty or treated for corrosion if empty

d) Measure at least 60 centimeters in length and 15 milimeters of side or diameter

e) have a mantle not less than three centimetres square or a cap not less than five centimetres in diameter permanently affixed to the top of the mantle, on which the following minimum information is engraved: the initial(s) of the surveyor’s first name and the surveyor’s name followed by the letters, a.-g.;

f) Be easily found, either by the fact that it exceeds the ground, by the fact it can be detected by a metal detector or by the fact that its position is sufficiently described from other physical details written in the notes.

Following the installation of the markers, a staking certificate is prepared by the land surveyor and given to the client.

Technical Description

The technical description is a document consisting of a plan and a report, in which the land surveyor describes a property or part of a property in regards to the cadastral limits and for specific purposes such as : right of way, draining servitude, encroachment servitude, agricultural zoning, annexation, sale or municipal fusion. The technical description cannot be used for any other reason other than the one it was destined for.

The land designation is also a document consisting of a plan and a report, in which the land surveyor describes a property in relation to the titles and the cadastre. It is also necessary to mention the existence or not of a ground survey. Although less precise than the technical description in the absence of a ground survey, it is very often used for real estate transactions to meet certain specific purposes.

LOCATION OF CONSTRAINT ZONES (FLOOD ZONE - RIPARIAN PROTECTION STRIP)

Several rivers and lakes in Quebec were instrumented and elevations were determined for the 2, 5, 20 and 100-year flood zones. Each zone comprises specific restrictions and Migué & Fournier Land Surveyors has the necessary expertise to localise these zones for any new construction project or already constructed land.

In addition, the transitional regime for the management of flood zones, shorelines and littoral zones, whose provisions are generally integrated into municipal regulations, provides for the establishment of a riparian protection strip from the high water mark of a body of water. Migué & Fournier Arpenteurs-Géomètres inc. is also qualified to determine the position of said strip and localise it in regards to the cadastre and adjacent buildings.

Photography (with Geo-localisation and Orientation)

Migué & Fournier Arpenteurs-Géomètres offers photography services providing coordinates and orientation of photos as well as high image quality. The informations is then transposed ono a plan for a given site and can be used in both the legal and technical fields. The position and orientation of a photo on a map can be useful for both legal and technical purposes.

CONSTRUCTION SURVEYING / MAJOR PROJECTS

Migué & Fournier Arpenteurs-Géomètres offers construction surveying services and has its RBQ license (#5750-5711-01).

Our construction services include:

  • On-site layout
  • Layout and geometric integration
  • Volume calculations
  • Site supervision
  • Infrastructure location

Land development

The cadastre of Quebec represents your property on a map and identifies it by a lot number. This plan shows measures, area, shape and position of the property in regards to neighbouring properties. The cadastre is a registry of the State composed of multiple plans and documents prepared by different land surveyors.

It is possible for a land owner to divide his/her property in order to form other pieces of land that can be sold separately at another time. Under the Act respecting land use planning and development (Section 115), municipalities have the authority to regulate subdivisions within their territory and to define the minimum width, depth and area, depending on the type of use permitted. In order to prepare the documents to be submitted for a municipal subdivision permit, the owner must call upon the services of a land surveyor. The latter will see to configure the desired fragmentation.

Whether it is for the creation of housing, industrial or commercial establishments, parks and streets or parcels to be transferred, a subdivision project plan is generally prepared in the early stages of the project and evolves to its final version before proceeding with the cadastral operations that will allow the desired transactions.

Boundary determination

Verbal report of abortion

The minutes of boundary determination done by a land surveyor is used to establish permanently and irrevocably the limit between two contiguous properties by putting boundary markers on the ground and registering the rights thus established at the official registry. Here, a distinction must be made between amicable demarcation and judicial demarcation.

The major differences between the certificate of staking and the minutes of boundary determination are the fact that the boundary determination is a bilateral operation (both neighbours must sign the document) and that it is public and opposed to the third party (published at the Quebec Land Registry).

According to article 978 of the Civil Code of Quebec, “any owner may oblige his neighbor to demarcate their contiguous properties in order to establish boundaries, re-establish displaced or disappeared boundaries, recognize old boundaries or rectify the dividing line of their land.

Additional Expertise

DRONE

Migué & Fournier Land Surveyors offers to its clients the service of drone surveys for specific projects, in business partnership with the firm Drone Diffusions Inc. whose offices are located in Granby. The images and terrain information obtained by the drone offer an accuracy of up to 2 cm horizontally. The applications of this service are multiple for agriculture (drainage, yield, growth management, etc.), commerce (tourism, archaeology, protected areas, ski trail development, quarries and sandpits, etc.). Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

Possibles fields of application (among others) :

  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Industrial
  • Agriculture
  • Mining
  • Surveillance videos
  • Photogrammetry
  • Volumes and numerical terrain models
  • Orthophotography

Co-ownership

Co-ownership is a modality of property in virtue of which the property of an immovable is distributed by lots in between co-owners. The term co-ownership often refers to the judicial state of property relative to the modality of property. The creation of a divided co-ownership is a relatively long and complex process that involves the participation of several professionals, including the land surveyor.

Divided co-ownership is used in Québec in order to designate the « condo » type of property. It is often used in opposition with undivided co-ownership which wrongly designates another modality of property in which many persons own the same object or piece of land without possible material division of themselves. In divided co-ownership, each owner is proprietor of a privative part (condo) and a share of the common part (parking, walls, etc.). Undivided co-ownership is, most of the time, seen when two or more persons decide to buy one house for example. Both modality of property have their own characteristics and should not be put into opposition since they are not contraries by definition.

Numerical terrain model (NTM)

The numerical terrain model (NTM) is a three dimensional (3D) computer model representing the field for a specific area. From this model, it is possible to visualize the relief, calculate slopes and generate contours or volumes.

ROAD MAP

Migué & Fournier Arpenteurs-Géomètres inc. offers services to various governmental authorities in the preparation of, among other things, right-of-way plans (property line), acquisition plans in land parcel acquisition projects and surplus property plans in order to transfer or sell certain parcels of land to shoreline owners.

Cadastral renewal

For more than twenty years now, the Ministère des Ressources naturelles du Québec has been preparing a new cadastral plan where each of the properties is represented in a distinct manner. The surveys presently being done are given to private land surveying firms. Owners do not have to pay for the cadastral renewal work, but have a certain duty, such as to collaborate when needed and participate in the public consultations.

Our firm has actively participated in this process, sometimes as a land surveyor, notably in the Farnham, Bedford and Sutton regions.

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